1948 – Israel Invaded!

following on fromEvil Land Grabbing Israel -Really?

Sept 1922The day after Israel declares her independence, officially becoming the new State of Israel, her neighbours go to war with her. A combined invasion by Egypt, Jordan and Syria, together with expeditionary forces from Iraq, entered Israel – Jordan having declared privately to Jewish emissaries 13 days previously on 2 May that it would abide by a decision not to attack the Jewish State. Hmm…

jordan

‘Jordanian occupation of the West Bank’ refers to the occupation and annexation of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) by Jordan (formerly Transjordan), during a period of nearly two decades (1948–1967) in the aftermath of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[1][2] During the war, Jordan’s Arab Legion, conquered the Old City of Jerusalem and took control of territory on the western side of the Jordan River, including the cities of Jericho, Bethlehem, Hebron and Nablus.[3] At the end of hostilities, Jordan was in complete control of the West Bank….Jordan formally annexed the West Bank on April 24, 1950. The annexation was regarded as illegal and void by the Arab League and others. It was recognized only by Britain, Iraq and Pakistan.[4][5][6] The annexation of the West Bank more than doubled the population of Jordan.[3] –wikipedia

(there being around 1.2-1.3 million Arabs in Israel by 1948 (not all being in West Bank) + pop. increase by 1950 –says something of the huge inequity with the final territory assigned to Jews in 1922 with the illegal gifting of Trans-Jordan to essentially one Hashemite family to govern – eventually ruling.)

It is at this point in history that the area of Judea and Samaria is given a name change becoming the ‘West Bank’ as it was forcibly taken and joined (annexed) to Jordan. It was named as such because it lies west of the Jordan river as opposed to the rest of Jordan (originally Trans-Jordan) being on the east of the Jordan River.

So at the ceasefire in 1949 this is now Israel’s reality for the next two decades.

Green line

The 1949 Armistice ‘Green Line’ was never Israel’s Internationally recognised border

The remainder of the area designated as part of an Arab state under the UN Partition Plan in 1947 was partly occupied by Egypt (Gaza Strip), partly occupied and annexed by Israel (West Negev, West Galilee, Jaffa). The intended international enclave of Jerusalem was divided between Israel and Jordan. The Jordanians immediately expelled all the Jewish residents of East Jerusalem.[10] All but one of the 35 synagogues in the Old City were destroyed over the course of the next 19 years, either razed or used as stables and chicken coops. Many other historic and religiously significant buildings were replaced by modern structures.[11][12] The ancient Jewish cemetery on Mount of Olives was desecrated, and the tombstones were used for construction, paving roads and lining latrines; the highway to the Intercontinental Hotel was built on top of the site.[13] wikipedia

So Israel now has lost land to Jordan and Egypt but incredibly still exists. Though many Arabs fled from the area, and some were expelled – Israel gave remaining Arabs the right to become Israeli citizens. This was not the case in the Arab controlled areas within and around Israel, their territories were to be ‘Judenfrei’ (…free of Jews). Israel absorbed Jews from the surrounding Muslim nations (around 900,000) and any others seeking ‘aliyah’ from Europe and elsewhere. Palestinian Arab refugees however have remained the same -‘refugees’ – denied citizenship in Jordan and used as pawns to fuel the vitriol against Israel’s right to exist.

-Christine

 

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  1. Pingback: The Cost of Peace | Ezer Kenegedo

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